What Is the process for creating Titanium

Written by Nigel Simpkins

As titanium is one of the strongest metals on Earth, products that are made from titanium are used in a wide variety of industries. This puts titanium in high demand. This is largely due to the advantages that titanium has. It can be used with applications where it’s required to be strong, while also not being extremely heavy. Titanium also has the advantage of being resistant to extremely high temperatures and it even has a high resistance to corrosion.

Due to its properties, titanium is used in a wide variety of industries, including: shipping, medical, military, and defense sectors.

The forging of titanium is an extremely important process for whatever your needs are for this special metal.

The Process Of Titanium Forging

Titanium begins its process as a titanium alloy that then must go through a titanium forging process for it to come in the custom shape and size you require for whatever your specific project may be.

For titanium to be forged correctly, it is necessary for the forger to understand its metallurgical properties. The forger must also have a good idea of what takes place to the material when it is heated up in preparation for it to be forged.

When the heating process is taking place, there are two different phases that take place as the titanium is being forged.

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The Alpha Phase 

The alpha phase takes place as the titanium is being forged in a lower heat, and it can take place from room temperature up to 1625 F. Your company may want alpha phase titanium because it has a higher resistance to corrosion versus other titanium types.

The Beta Phase

This phase occurs at temperatures above 1625 F. The titanium can remain in the beta phase until the titanium nears the temperature of 3038 F. When titanium is being forged at this heat it is best used in applications, in addition for it being heat treated. It can also be used for welding. The titanium that is forged at this level of heat is still able to keep a lot of strength and it still has a high resistance to corrosion, although its resistance level is not as high as it is if it’s kept in the Alpha phase.

Mixing Titanium With Other Metals

Depending on what your use for the titanium is, you may find it most beneficial to have the titanium forged with another metal material so that a stronger alloy comes into fruition.

Titanium can be mixed with a large number of materials.

  • Alpha alloys: This titanium is mixed with aluminum, oxygen, and nitrogen, carbon.
  • Alpha-beta alloys: Forged with Tin and Zirconium
  • Beta alloys: The titanium is forged with Vanadium, Molybdenum, Niobium, and Tantalum

Overall, titanium is a highly capable metal material that can be customized to fit a large variety of needs. Its ability to be forged into different shapes and size, along with its different resistance to corrosion, makes it a highly sought after material.